December 12, 1995 was adopted by the UN General Assembly Resolution number 50/80, which expressed the hope that “the status of permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan will contribute to peace and security in the region.” In the resolution, the United Nations “recognizes and supports the declared status of permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan .” Such a unique document adopted for the first time in the work of the international community of nations. Support for UN neutrality – a rare phenomenon in more than half a century of the history of this international organization. The resolution calls on UN to respect and maintain the neutrality of Turkmenistan. For its adoption at the session of the UN General Assembly voted 185 member states of the international community. In Neutrality Day across the Central Asian republic are mass festivities and holiday concerts. Ashgabat hosts international conference. In 2012, the country for the first time just resting, all events on this date took place in the previous days.
In Turkmenistan, October 6 is observed as Memorial Day. This is a day to commemorate the heroes who perished on the battlefields and victims of the 1948 devastating earthquake in Ashgabat. President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov attended the commemorative ceremony of laying flowers to the monuments at the Halk Hakydasy memorial complex. Early in the morning, thousands of citizens and guests of Ashgabat came to the monuments at the Halk Hakydasy memorial complex, built in honour of national heroes who died on the battlefields of the Geoktepe Battle and the 1941-1945 War and sacrificed their lives in other battles and victims of the Ashgabat earthquake. The colossal force razed Ashgabat and its suburbs on the night of October 5-6, 1948, at 1 hour 12 minutes and cut short the lives of thousands of our compatriots in overnight. In mournful silence the Turkmen leader Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov headed to the majestic Ruhy Tagzym monument to pay tribute to all those who died in the 1948 earthquake. At that moment a sense of sincere empathy embraced all those gathered in the square, who shared the grief of the leader of the Turkmen state, who had lost his grandfather Berdymuhamed Annaev – a veteran of the 1941-1945 War, a teacher and educator who devoted himself to the education of the younger generation, on that tragic night. Having gone through severe hardships, the people revived beloved Ashgabat. Nowadays they continue to transform it into a beautiful city of the world, a capital of peace, cohesion, happiness and prosperity. The Turkmen leader laid the wreaths of wonderful autumn flowers to the Milletin Ogullary Monument which serves a symbol of the undying memory of the valiant sons of the Turkmen land. On Memorial Day, the Turkmen people grieve over their heroes, bowing the heads before their courage. They grieve over old people, women and children from the Geoktepe fortress who, without a moment’s thought of danger, together with the courageous defenders offered strong resistance to a superior enemy, and all innocent victims who shed their blood for the native land. They died but remained undefeated for their immense love of the homeland. Remembering the milestones of the heroic history, the Turkmen people perform the filial duty to their valiant ancestors, passing the memory of courage of the legendary defenders of the Geoktepe fortress from one generation to another. The young generation of our country has someone to follow the example of. The glory of their brave ancestors who defended freedom and independence of the Motherland is inscribed in golden letters in the history of the Turkmen nation. Thousands of our compatriots displayed unparalleled fortitude, fidelity to military duty, selfless love for the native land on all the fronts of the 1941-1945 war. The President of Turkmenistan laid a wreath at the Baky Sohrat monument, built in honour of Turkmen soldiers who fell in the battle against fascism and the heroes who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of the Motherland. Among them is the grandfather of the Turkmen leader Berdymuhamed Annaev, whose life sets an example of true patriotism and fidelity to the duty for Turkmen youth to follow. …Following the leader of Turkmenistan, the heads of Mejlis, cabinet ministers, hyakims of the regions and Ashgabat, high-ranking officials of military and law enforcement agencies, ministries and departments, heads of diplomatic missions accredited to Turkmenistan, representatives of public organisations, foreign companies, the elders, students, citizens and guests of the Turkmen capital laid their flowers to the monument. After the flower laying ceremony had concluded, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and all ceremony participants headed to the special building where the ritual meal sadaqah was held. The state flags with mourning ribbons were lowered throughout the country; the memorial ceremonies and sadaqahs were held in the capital city and all the regions of Turkmenistan on that day.
Turkmenistan is celebrating the ancient holiday Navruz Bayram. By tradition, the main events of the first day of celebrations took place in the mountain valley near Ashgabat. There was erected an impromptu ancient Turkmen village in the valley, including an Oriental bazaar, yurts, trestle beds covered with carpets, high swings, makeshift workshops of artisans and big white tent for folk singers and folk ensembles.
In fact, this village reminds visitors of an Oriental tale, where they have an opportunity to get acquainted with skills of carpet weavers, embroiderers, jewelers, admire the art of horse riding and the beauty of legendary Akhal-Teke horses from the equestrian group, watch the national wrestling Goresh and even participate in various national ceremonies and games. The visitors will be also able to enjoy festive meals, with Semeni – a delicacy from germinated wheat – being the most favorite dish in the days of celebration of Navruz. Late in the day, the celebration participants gathered in the meadow to take part in a fire making ritual, marking the arrival of Navruz. This ritual symbolizes not only purification but also bringing up vital life forces and new energy. By tradition, one should jump seven times over the ritual fire. Holiday concerts and celebrations on the occasion of Navruz are taking place in all cities and villages of the country in these spring days. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov congratulated the Turkmen people on Navruz Bayram. According to the President of Turkmenistan, “this wonderful holiday is glorifying the original traditions and customs of the peoples of the East and strengthening the spiritual and moral beauty, peacemaking and humanism. It has wholesome influence both on enrichment of the treasury of human values and development of national cultures.” Navruz is celebrated on March 21-22 – the vernal equinox. It is the oldest existing holiday in the history of mankind. According to historians, it was born more than three thousand years BC. Navruz marks the end of winter and the arrival of spring, renewal of nature and the whole creation, the beginning of a new agricultural cycle. In 2010, the UN General Assembly proclaimed the International Day of Navruz, March 21, by its special resolution.