The capital of Kazakhstan and the most modern city of Central Asia in general, Astana could become an important tourist center due to its ultramodern architecture and a number of interesting museums and places of rest. Fabulous money was invested in the creation of a “garden city” in the middle of the Kazakh steppes, on the site of a small provincial Akmola, which until the 1950s was a small mining village when Khrushchev announced the development of virgin land: 250,000 square kilometers of the Kazakh steppe were plowed under wheat fields. Akmola became the capital of this grandiose project and was renamed Tselinograd. Now it is a friendly and rather low-rise city with a small number of attractive, tree-lined streets, but prone to strong steppe winds. The population here is mostly made up of Kazakhs (70%), while the Russians, who used to be the majority of the population, today do not reach a third. A number of higher educational institutions operate in Astana, including the L. Gumilyov Eurasian University, three museums, two drama theaters. It is planned to create in the capital a National Library, the National Museum, an art gallery of contemporary art, the Center for Social and Economic Technologies, a business center, a children’s park, an aqua park, cultural and health institutions. The city has a large airport with many flights both in Kazakhstan and abroad. Especially for this city was created airline Air Astana (today the largest in the country), for which Astana has become a hub. Many trains run between the north and south of Kazakhstan through the railway station, and trains from Russia to Kyrgyzstan and Almaty also pass through Astana.