Aktau (in the Soviet years the city was called Shevchenko), which lies between the desert and the Caspian Sea, is one of the largest settlements in the world, located in places where human life seems almost impossible. This city did not exist at all until 1963, when here suddenly appeared exemplary wide and straight streets, cultural institutions, desalination plants, gardens and parks. This “miracle” occurred after the uranium deposits were found nearby. Thanks to its sandy shores, this city also developed as a closed resort for the “Soviet elite”. The tourist sphere and uranium developments are currently in depression, so that Aktau has now lost much of its former appeal. The improbability of the existence of Aktau is increased by the fact that it lies hundreds of kilometers from any other city, and is not connected by any decent roads (most of the traffic was carried out by sea) from any point of Kazakhstan. The neighborhoods of the city (in places where there are no quarries) abound in the unique desert landscapes of the Mangyshlak plateau – erosion and desert have so “corroded” hard rocks, that thousands of tiny canyons, miniature mountain ranges and dozens of deep depressions filled with salt-saturated water have formed.